Windows 7 is a version of Microsoft Windows, a series of operating systems produced by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, netbooks, tablet PCs, and media center PCs. Windows 7 was released to manufacturing on July 22, 2009, and reached general retail availability on October 22, 2009, less than three years after the release of its predecessor, Windows Vista. Windows 7’s server counterpart, Windows Server 2008 R2, was released at the same time.
Unlike its predecessor, which introduced a large number of new features, Windows 7 was intended to be a more focused, incremental upgrade to the Windows line, with the goal of being fully compatible with applications and hardware with which Windows Vista is already compatible. Presentations given by Microsoft in 2008 focused on multi-touch support, a redesigned Windows Shell with a new taskbar, referred to as the Superbar, a home networking system called HomeGroup, and performance improvements. Some applications that have been included with prior releases of Microsoft Windows, including Windows Calendar, Windows Mail, Windows Movie Maker, and Windows Photo Gallery, are not included in Windows 7; most are instead offered separately as part of the free Windows Live Essentials suite.
Originally, a version of Windows codenamed Blackcomb was planned as the successor to Windows XP (codename Whistler) and Windows Server 2003. Major features were planned for Blackcomb, including an emphasis on searching and querying data and an advanced storage system named WinFS to enable such scenarios. However, an interim, minor release, codenamed “Longhorn,” was announced for 2003, delaying the development of Blackcomb. By the middle of 2003, however, Longhorn had acquired some of the features originally intended for Blackcomb. After three major viruses exploited flaws in Windows operating systems within a short time period in 2003, Microsoft changed its development priorities, putting some of Longhorn’s major development work on hold while developing new service packs for Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. Development of Longhorn (Windows Vista) was also restarted, and thus delayed, in August 2004. A number of features were cut from Longhorn.
Blackcomb was renamed Vienna in early 2006 and again Windows 7 in 2007. In 2008, it was announced that Windows 7 would also be the official name of the operating system. There has been some confusion over naming the product Windows 7, while versioning it as 6.1 to indicate its similar build to Vista and increase compatibility with applications that only check major version numbers, similar to Windows 2000 and Windows XP both having 5.x version numbers.
The first external release to select Microsoft partners came in January 2008 with Milestone 1, build 6519. At PDC 2008, Microsoft demonstrated Windows 7 with its reworked taskbar. Copies of Windows 7 build 6801 were distributed at the end of the conference; however, the demonstrated taskbar was disabled in this build.
On December 27, 2008, Windows 7 Beta was leaked onto the Internet via BitTorrent. According to a performance test by ZDNet, Windows 7 Beta beat both Windows XP and Vista in several key areas; including boot and shutdown time and working with files, such as loading documents. Other areas did not beat XP; including PC Pro benchmarks for typical office activities and video editing, which remain identical to Vista and slower than XP. On January 7, 2009, the 64-bit version of the Windows 7 Beta (build 7000) was leaked onto the web, with some torrents being infected with a trojan. At CES 2009, Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer announced the Windows 7 Beta, build 7000, had been made available for download to MSDN and TechNet subscribers in the format of an ISO image. The Beta was to be publicly released January 9, 2009, and Microsoft initially planned for the download to be made available to 2.5 million people on this date. However, access to the downloads was delayed because of high traffic. The download limit was also extended, initially until January 24, then again to February 10. People who did not complete downloading the beta had two extra days to complete the download. After February 12, unfinished downloads became unable to complete. Users could still obtain product keys from Microsoft to activate their copies of Windows 7 Beta, which expired on August 1, 2009. The release candidate, build 7100, has been available for MSDN and TechNet subscribers and Connect Program participants since April 30 and became available to the general public on May 5, 2009. It has also been leaked onto the Internet via BitTorrent. The release candidate is available in five languages and will expire on June 1, 2010, with shutdowns every two hours starting March 1, 2010. Microsoft stated that Windows 7 would be released to the general public on October 22, 2009. Microsoft released Windows 7 to MSDN and Technet subscribers on August 6, 2009, at 10:00 a.m. PDT. Microsoft announced that Windows 7, along with Windows Server 2008 R2, was released to manufacturing on July 22, 2009. Windows 7 RTM is build 7600.16385, which was compiled on July 13, 2009, and was declared the final RTM build after passing all Microsoft’s tests internally. “The launch of Windows 7 has superseded everyone’s expectations, storming ahead of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows as the biggest-grossing pre-order product of all-time, and demand is still going strong,” claimed managing director Brian McBride, Amazon UK on October 22.”
Bill Gates, in an interview with Newsweek, suggested that this version of Windows would be more “user-centric”. Gates later said that Windows 7 would also focus on performance improvements. Steven Sinofsky later expanded on this point, explaining in the Engineering Windows 7 blog that the company was using a variety of new tracing tools to measure the performance of many areas of the operating system on an ongoing basis, to help locate inefficient code paths and to help prevent performance regressions.
Senior Vice President Bill Veghte stated that Windows Vista users migrating to Windows 7 would not find the kind of device compatibility issues they encountered migrating from Windows XP. Speaking about Windows 7 on October 16, 2008, Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer confirmed compatibility between Vista and Windows 7, indicating that Windows 7 would be a refined version of Windows Vista.
New and changed features
Windows 7 includes a number of new features, such as advances in touch and handwriting recognition, support for virtual hard disks, improved performance on multi-core processors, improved boot performance, DirectAccess, and kernel improvements. Windows 7 adds support for systems using multiple heterogeneous graphics cards from different vendors (Heterogeneous Multi-adapter), a new version of Windows Media Center, a Gadget for Windows Media Center, improved media features, the XPS Essentials Pack and Windows PowerShell being included, and a redesigned Calculator with multiline capabilities including Programmer and Statistics modes along with unit conversion. Many new items have been added to the Control Panel, including ClearType Text Tuner, Display Color Calibration Wizard, Gadgets, Recovery, Troubleshooting, Workspaces Center, Location and Other Sensors, Credential Manager, Biometric Devices, System Icons, and Display. Windows Security Center has been renamed to Windows Action Center (Windows Health Center and Windows Solution Center in earlier builds), which encompasses both security and maintenance of the computer. The default setting for User Account Control in Windows 7 has been criticized for allowing untrusted software to be launched with elevated privileges by exploiting a trusted application. Microsoft’s Windows kernel engineer Mark Russinovich acknowledged the problem, but noted that there are other vulnerabilities that do not rely on the new setting. Windows 7 also supports Mac-like RAW image viewing through the addition of WIC-enabled image decoders, which enables raw image thumbnails, previewing and metadata display in Windows Explorer, plus full-size viewing and slideshows in Windows Photo Viewer and Window Media Center.
The taskbar has seen the biggest visual changes, where the Quick Launch toolbar has been replaced with pinning applications to the taskbar. Buttons for pinned applications are integrated with the task buttons. These buttons also enable the Jump Lists feature to allow easy access to common tasks. The revamped taskbar also allows the reordering of taskbar buttons. To the far right of the system clock is a small rectangular button that serves as the Show desktop icon. This button is part of the new feature in Windows 7 called Aero Peek. Hovering over this button makes all visible windows transparent for a quick look at the desktop. In touch-enabled displays such as touch screens, tablet PCs, etc., this button is slightly wider to accommodate being pressed with a finger. Clicking this button minimizes all windows, and clicking it a second time restores them. Additionally, there is a feature named Aero Snap, that automatically maximizes a window when it is dragged to either the top or left/right edges of the screen, similar to Linux. This also allows users to snap documents or files on either side of the screen to compare them. When a user moves windows that are maximized, the system restores their previous state automatically. This functionality is also accomplished with keyboard shortcuts. Unlike in Windows Vista, window borders and the taskbar do not turn opaque when a window is maximized with Windows Aero applied. Instead, they remain translucent.
For developers, Windows 7 includes a new networking API with support for building SOAP-based web services in native code (as opposed to .NET-based WCF web services), new features to shorten application install times, reduced UAC prompts, simplified development of installation packages, and improved globalization support through a new Extended Linguistic Services API. At WinHEC 2008 Microsoft announced that color depths of 30-bit and 48-bit would be supported in Windows 7 along with the wide color gamut scRGB (which for HDMI 1.3 can be converted and output as xvYCC). The video modes supported in Windows 7 are 16-bit sRGB, 24-bit sRGB, 30-bit sRGB, 30-bit with extended color gamut sRGB, and 48-bit scRGB. Microsoft has also implemented better support for solid-state drives, including the new TRIM command, and Windows 7 is able to identify a solid-state drive uniquely. Microsoft is planning to support USB 3.0 in a subsequent patch, support not being included in the initial release due to delays in the finalization of the standard.
|Wikinews has related news: Windows 7 will allow users to disable Internet Explorer|
Users are also able to disable many more Windows components than was possible in Windows Vista. New additions to this list of components include Internet Explorer, Windows Media Player, Windows Media Center, Windows Search, and the Windows Gadget Platform. Windows 7 includes 13 additional sound schemes, titled Afternoon, Calligraphy, Characters, Cityscape, Delta, Festival, Garden, Heritage, Landscape, Quirky, Raga, Savanna, and Sonata. A new version of Microsoft Virtual PC, newly renamed as Windows Virtual PC was made available for Windows 7 Professional, Enterprise, and Ultimate editions. It allows multiple Windows environments, including Windows XP Mode, to run on the same machine. Windows XP Mode runs Windows XP in a virtual machine and redirects displayed applications running in Windows XP to the Windows 7 desktop. Furthermore, Windows 7 supports the mounting of a virtual hard disk (VHD) as a normal data storage, and the bootloader delivered with Windows 7 can boot the Windows system from a VHD, only in the Professional and Ultimate editions however. The Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) of Windows 7 is also enhanced to support real-time multimedia application including video playback and 3D games, thus allowing use of DirectX 10 in remote desktop environments. The three application limit, previously present in the Windows Vista Starter Edition, has been removed from Windows 7.
A number of capabilities and certain programs that were a part of Windows Vista are no longer present or have been changed, resulting in the removal of certain functionality. These include the classic Start Menu user interface, Windows Ultimate Extras and InkBall. Four applications bundled with Windows Vista — Windows Photo Gallery, Windows Movie Maker, Windows Calendar and Windows Mail — are not included with Windows 7, but are instead available for free in a separate package called Windows Live Essentials which can be found on the Microsoft website.
Antitrust regulatory attention
As with other Microsoft operating systems, Windows 7 is being studied by United States federal regulators who oversee the company’s operations following the 2001 United States v. Microsoft settlement. According to status reports filed, the three-member panel began assessing prototypes of the new operating system in February 2008. Michael Gartenberg, an analyst at Jupiter Research said that, “Microsoft’s challenge for Windows 7 will be how can they continue to add features that consumers will want that also do not run afoul of regulators.”
In order to comply with European antitrust regulations, Microsoft has proposed the use of a “ballot” screen, allowing users to download a competing browser, thus removing the need for a version of Windows completely without Internet Explorer, as previously planned. In response to criticism involving Windows 7 E and concerns from manufacturers about possible consumer confusion if a version of Windows 7 with Internet Explorer were shipped later after one without Internet Explorer, Microsoft announced that it would scrap the separate version for Europe and ship the standard upgrade and full packages worldwide.
As with previous versions of Windows, an N version, which does not come with Windows Media Player, has been released in Europe, but only for sale directly from Microsoft sales websites and select others.
In July 2009, in only eight hours, pre-orders of Windows 7 at Amazon.co.uk surpassed the demand Windows Vista had in its first 17 weeks. It became the highest-grossing pre-order in Amazon’s history, surpassing sales of the previous record holder, the seventh Harry Potter book. After 36 hours, 64-bit versions of Windows 7 Professional and Ultimate editions sold out in Japan. Two weeks after its release, it was announced that its market share had surpassed that of Snow Leopard, released two months previously as the most recent update to Apple’s Mac OS X operating system. According to Net Applications, Windows 7 reached a 4% market share in less than three weeks. In comparison, it took Windows Vista seven months to reach the same mark. As of March 4, 2010, Microsoft announced that they had sold more than 90 million Windows 7 licenses.
Reviews of Windows 7 were mostly positive, praising its usability when compared to its predecessor, Windows Vista. CNET gave Windows 7 Home Premium a rating of 4.5 out of 5 stars, stating that it “is more than what Vista should have been, [and] it’s where Microsoft needed to go”. PC Magazine rated it a 4 out of 5 saying that Windows 7 is a “big improvement” over Windows Vista, with fewer compatibility problems, a retooled taskbar, simpler home networking and faster start-up. Maximum PC gave Windows 7 a rating of 9 out of 10 and called Windows 7 a “massive leap forward” in usability and security, and praised the new Taskbar as “worth the price of admission alone”. PC World called Windows 7 a “worthy successor” to Windows XP and said that speed benchmarks showed Windows 7 to be slightly faster than Windows Vista. PC World also named Windows 7 one of the best products of the year. In its review of Windows 7, Engadget said that Microsoft has taken a “strong step forward” with Windows 7 and reported that speed is one of Windows 7’s major selling points particularly for the netbook sets. LAPTOP Magazine gave Windows 7 a rating of 4 out of 5 stars and said that Windows 7 makes computing more intuitive, offered better overall performance including a “modest to dramatic” increase in battery life on laptop computers. Techradar gave it a 5 star rating calling it the best version of Windows yet. The New York Times, USA Today, The Wall Street Journal, and The Telegraph also gave Windows 7 favorable reviews.
Some Vista Ultimate users have expressed concerns over Windows 7 pricing and upgrade options. Windows Vista Ultimate users wanting to upgrade from Windows Vista to Windows 7 must either pay $219.99 to upgrade to Windows 7 Ultimate or perform a clean install, which requires them to reinstall all of their programs.
Windows 7 is available in six different editions, but only the Home Premium, Professional, and Ultimate editions are available for retail sale to consumers in most countries. The other editions are aimed at other markets, such as the developing world or enterprise use. Each edition of Windows 7 includes all of the capabilities and features of the edition below it. All editions support the 32-bit (IA-32) processor architecture and all editions except Starter and Home Basic support the 64-bit (x86-64) processor architecture. The installation media is the same for all the consumer editions of Windows 7 that have the same processor architecture, with the license determing the features that are activated, and license upgrades permitting the subsequent unlocking of features without re-installation of the operating system. This is the first time Microsoft has distributed 2 DVDs (1 DVD for IA-32 processor architecture, the other DVD for x86-64 processor architecture) for each edition of Windows 7 (Except for Starter and Home Basic). Users who wish to upgrade to an edition of Windows 7 with more features can then use Windows Anytime Upgrade to purchase the upgrade, and unlock the features of those editions. Some copies of Windows 7 have restrictions, in which it must be distributed, sold, or bought and activated in the geographical region (One of the geographical regions can be either: Southeast Asia; India; or Latin America and the Caribbean) specified in its front cover box.
Microsoft is offering a family pack of Windows 7 Home Premium (in select markets) that allows installation on up to three PCs. The “Family Pack” costs US$259.99 in the United States; it was available at a cost of US$149.99 for some weeks when it was first introduced.
On September 18, 2009, Microsoft said they were to offer temporary student discounts for Windows 7. The offer ran in the US and the United Kingdom, with similar schemes available in Canada, Australia, Korea, Mexico, France and Germany. Students with a valid .edu or .ac.uk email address could apply for either Windows 7 Home Premium or Professional, priced at $30 or £30. This offer has ended as of January 5.
Microsoft has marketed the whole of Windows 7 as “making your PC simpler.” However, the different editions of Windows 7 have been designed and marketed toward different types of people. Out of all the different editions (Starter, Home Basic, Home Premium, Professional, Enterprise, and Ultimate), the Starter edition has been designed for netbooks, Home Basic for the developing world, Home Premium designed and marketed for normal home users, Professional for businesses, Enterprise for larger businesses and corporations, and Ultimate for enthusiasts. TV commercials advertise Home Premium’s use in the home.
Microsoft has published their minimum specifications for a system running Windows 7. Requirements for the 32-bit version are much the same as recommendations for premium editions of Vista, but the 64-bit versions are higher. Microsoft has released an upgrade advisor that scans a computer to see if it is compatible with Windows 7.
|Processor||1 GHz 32-bit processor||1 GHz 64-bit processor|
|Memory (RAM)||1 GB of RAM||2 GB of RAM|
|Graphics Card||DirectX 9 graphics processor with WDDM driver model 1.0 (For Aero)|
|HDD free space||16 GB of available disk space||20 GB of available disk space|
|Optical drive||DVD drive (only to install from DVD/CD Media)|
Additional requirements to use certain features:
- Windows XP Mode (available on Professional, Ultimate and Enterprise), requires an additional 1 GB of RAM, an additional 15 GB of available hard disk space and a processor capable of hardware virtualization with Intel VT or AMD-V enabled. The requirement for a processor capable of hardware virtualization has been lifted.
- Windows Media Center (included with Home Premium, Professional, Ultimate and Enterprise), requires a TV tuner to receive and record TV.
- ^ Nash, Mike (14 October 2008). “Why 7?”. The Windows Blog. http://windowsteamblog.com/blogs/windowsvista/archive/2008/10/14/why-7.aspx. Retrieved 3 December 2009.
- ^ “Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 Officially RTM At Build Version 6.1.7600.16385”. http://www.mydigitallife.info/2009/07/23/windows-7-and-windows-server-2008-r2-officially-rtm-at-build-version-6-1-7600-16385/. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
- ^ Ricciuti, Mike (July 20, 2007). “Next version of Windows: Call it 7”. CNET News. http://www.news.com/2100-1016_3-6197943.html.
- ^ a b c Brandon LeBlanc. “Windows 7 Has Been Released to Manufacturing”. http://windowsteamblog.com/blogs/windows7/archive/2009/07/22/windows-7-has-been-released-to-manufacturing.aspx.
- ^ “Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 Timelines Shared at Computex”. Microsoft. June 3, 2009. http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/features/2009/Jun09/06-02SteveGuggenheimer.mspx. Retrieved 2009-06-03.
- ^ Nash, Mike (28 October 2008). “Windows 7 Unveiled Today at PDC 2008”. Windows Team Blog. Microsoft. http://windowsteamblog.com/blogs/windows7/archive/2008/10/28/windows-7-unveiled-today-at-pdc-2008.aspx. Retrieved 2008-11-11.
- ^ LeBlanc, Brandon (28 October 2008). “How Libraries & HomeGroup Work Together in Windows 7”. Windows Team Blog. Microsoft. http://windowsteamblog.com/blogs/windowsexperience/archive/2008/10/28/how-libraries-amp-homegroup-work-together-in-windows-7.aspx. Retrieved 2008-11-11.
- ^ “Windows 7 to Skip Photo, Mail, Calendar and Movie Editing tools”. http://www.techpluto.com/softwares-missing-in-windows-7/.
- ^ “E-mail, photos, movie making will not be included in Windows 7”. http://www.networkworld.com/community/node/33084.
- ^ LeBlance, Brandon (28 October 2008). “The Complete Windows Experience – Windows 7 + Windows Live”. Windows Team Blog. Microsoft. http://windowsteamblog.com/blogs/windowsexperience/archive/2008/10/28/the-complete-windows-experience-windows-7-windows-live.aspx. Retrieved 2008-11-11.
- ^ Lettice, John (2001-10-24). “Gates confirms Windows Longhorn for 2003”. The Register. http://www.theregister.co.uk/2001/10/24/gates_confirms_windows_longhorn. Retrieved 2008-03-05.
- ^ “Microsoft cuts key Longhorn feature”. Todd Bishop. Hearst Seattle Media, LLC. August 28, 2004. http://www.seattlepi.com/business/188339_msftcuts28.html. Retrieved 2009-03-25.
- ^ Thurrott, Paul (14 February 2007). “Windows “7” FAQ”. Paul Thurrott’s SuperSite for Windows. http://www.winsupersite.com/faq/windows_7.asp. Retrieved 2008-01-05.
- ^ Foley, Mary J (2007-07-20). “Windows Seven: Think 2010”. ZDNet. http://blogs.zdnet.com/microsoft/?p=592. Retrieved 2007-09-19.
- ^ Fried, Ina (2008-10-13). “Microsoft makes Windows 7 name final”. CNET. http://news.cnet.com/8301-13860_3-10064971-56.html. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- ^ Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (October 2008). “For Microsoft’s Windows, 7th time’s a charm”. http://www.cbc.ca/technology/story/2008/10/14/tech-windows.html. Retrieved 2008-10-27.
- ^ Alex Castle (2008-10-15). “Microsoft Justifies Its Windows 7 Naming Decision”. Maximum PC. http://www.maximumpc.com/article/news/microsoft_justifies_its_windows_7_naming_decision. Retrieved 2009-11-18.
- ^ “Version numbers of Windows.”. technologizer.com. http://technologizer.com/2009/07/14/version-numbers/2/.
- ^ Andrew. “Why Call it Windows 7?”. http://www.worldstart.com. http://www.worldstart.com/tips/tips.php/why-call-it-windows-7. Retrieved 20 November 2009.
- ^ Ian Cunningham (3 December 2008). “Windows 7 Build Numbers”. http://www.w7forums.com/windows-7-build-numbers-t58.html.
- ^ “OSNews.com”. OSNews.com. http://www.osnews.com/story/20703/Windows_7_Beta_1_Leaked. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
- ^ “Windows 7 beta 1 performance – How does the OS compare to Vista and XP? | Hardware 2.0 | ZDNet.com”. Blogs.zdnet.com. 2009-01-01. http://blogs.zdnet.com/hardware/?p=3236&page=2. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
- ^ Graham-Smith, Darien (January 2009). “Follow-up: Benchmarking Windows 7”. http://www.pcpro.co.uk/blogs/2008/11/12/follow-up-benchmarking-windows-7/. Retrieved 2009-01-29.
- ^ “Leaked Windows 7 RC torrents infected with trojan”. http://www.slashgear.com/leaked-windows-7-rc-torrents-infected-with-trojan-2842048/.
- ^ Pennington, Kenneth (January 2009). “Windows 7 64-Bit Beta Hits the Web”. http://w7info.com/articles/2009/01/windows-7-64-bit-beta-hits-the-web/. Retrieved 2009-01-07.
- ^ Johnson, Bobbie (2009-01-08). “CES: Steve Ballmer unveils Microsoft’s Windows 7 | Technology | guardian.co.uk”. London: Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2009/jan/08/steve-ballmer-ces-keynote. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
- ^ “Microsoft delays first Windows 7 public beta”. Gavin Clarke. The Register. January 10, 2009. http://www.theregister.co.uk/2009/01/10/winows_7_beta_delay/. Retrieved 2009-03-25.
- ^ Miller, Paul (2009-04-24). “Windows 7 RC 7100 making its way to OEMs, a torrent tracker near you”. Engadget.com. http://www.engadget.com/2009/04/24/windows-7-rc-7100-making-its-way-to-oems-a-torrent-tracker-near/. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
- ^ “Windows 7 Release Candidate Customer Preview Program”. Microsoft. http://www.microsoft.com/windows/windows-7/download.aspx. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
- ^ “The Windows Blog”. http://windowsteamblog.com/blogs/windows7/archive/2009/07/21/when-will-you-get-windows-7-rtm.aspx.
- ^ Steven Levy (3 February 2007). “Bill Gates on Vista and Apple’s ‘Lying’ Ads”. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/16934083/site/newsweek/page/4/print/1/displaymode/1098/.
- ^ Bill Gates (12 May 2007). “Bill Gates: Japan—Windows Digital Lifestyle Consortium”. http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/exec/billg/speeches/2008/05-07japanwdlc.mspx.
- ^ Sinofsky, Steven (15 December 2008). “Continuing our discussion on performance”. Engineering Windows 7. Microsoft. http://blogs.msdn.com/e7/archive/2008/12/15/continuing-our-discussion-on-performance.aspx. Retrieved 2008-12-18.
- ^ Oiaga, Marius (24 June 2008). “Windows 7 Will Not Inherit the Incompatibility Issues of Vista”. http://news.softpedia.com/news/Windows-7-Will-Not-Inherent-the-Incompatibility-Issues-of-Vista-88625.shtml.
- ^ a b Dignan, Larry (October 2008). “Ballmer: It’s ok to wait until Windows 7; Yahoo still ‘makes sense’; Google Apps ‘primitive’”. http://blogs.zdnet.com/BTL/?p=10464. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
- ^ “Windows 7 Takes More Advantage of Multi-Core CPUs – Windows 7”. Windowsvienna.com. http://www.windowsvienna.com/windows-7-takes-more-advantage-of-multi-core-cpus-a24.html. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
- ^ “Windows 7 to get parallel-processing tweaks | All about Microsoft | ZDNet.com”. Blogs.zdnet.com. 2008-09-30. http://blogs.zdnet.com/microsoft/?p=1612. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
- ^ “Windows 7 to get parallel-processing tweaks | PC Tips”. Pctipsbox.com. 2008-10-05. http://www.pctipsbox.com/windows-7-to-get-parallel-processing-tweaks/. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
- ^ “Windows 7 enters parallel universe”. Vista.Blorge. 2008-09-30. http://vista.blorge.com/2008/09/30/windows-7-enters-parallel-universe/. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
- ^ Gruener, Wolfgang (2008-01-16). “TG Daily — Windows Vista successor scheduled for a H2 2009 release?”. TG Daily. http://www.tgdaily.com/content/view/35641/118/. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
- ^ “ThinkNext.net: Screenshots from a blogger with Windows 7 M1”. http://www.thinknext.net/archives/2150.
- ^ Zack Whittaker (2009-06-12). “Windows 7 UAC flaw: “Pandora’s box of all vulnerabilities””. http://blogs.zdnet.com/igeneration/?p=1826. Retrieved 2009-06-14.
- ^ Russinovich, Mark. “User Account Control Inside Windows 7 User Account Control”. Microsoft Corporation. http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/2009.07.uac.aspx. Retrieved 2009-06-14.
- ^ “How to add Mac-like RAW image support to Windows 7, Vista, XP”. http://www.downloadsquad.com/2009/10/21/raw-image-support-windows/.
- ^ Softpedia (November 2008). “Windows 7 User Interface – The Superbar (Enhanced Taskbar)”. http://news.softpedia.com/news/Windows-7-User-Interface-The-Superbar-Enhanced-Taskbar-97143.shtml. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
- ^ “Windows 7: Some Minor Improvements, No Game Changer”. http://money.cnn.com/news/newsfeeds/siliconalley/big-tech/2008_12_windows_7_some_minor_improvements_no_game_changer_msft.html.
- ^ “Touching Windows 7 (Engineering Windows 7 Blog)”. http://blogs.msdn.com/e7/archive/2009/03/25/touching-windows-7.aspx.
- ^ “Engineering Windows 7 : Designing Aero Snap”. Steven Sinofsky/Microsoft. http://blogs.msdn.com/e7/archive/2009/03/17/designing-aero-snap.aspx. Retrieved 2009-06-08.
- ^ “Windows 7: Web Services in Native Code”. PDC 2008. http://channel9.msdn.com/pdc2008/PC01/. Retrieved 2008-09-26.
- ^ “Windows 7: Deploying Your Application with Windows Installer (MSI) and ClickOnce”. PDC 2008. http://channel9.msdn.com/pdc2008/PC42/. Retrieved 2008-09-26.
- ^ “Windows 7: Writing World-Ready Applications”. PDC 2008. http://channel9.msdn.com/pdc2008/PC52/. Retrieved 2008-09-26.
- ^ “WinHEC 2008 GRA-583: Display Technologies”. Microsoft. 2008-11-06. http://download.microsoft.com/download/5/E/6/5E66B27B-988B-4F50-AF3A-C2FF1E62180F/GRA-T583_WH08.pptx. Retrieved 2008-12-04.
- ^ “Windows 7 High Color Support”. Softpedia. 2008-11-26. http://news.softpedia.com/news/Windows-7-High-Color-Support-98741.shtml. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
- ^ “Support and Q&A for Solid-State Drives”. Engineering Windows 7. Microsoft. 2009-05-05. http://blogs.msdn.com/e7/archive/2009/05/05/support-and-q-a-for-solid-state-drives-and.aspx. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- ^ Crothers, Brooke (6 November 2008). “Microsoft describes USB 3.0 delays”. CNet. http://news.cnet.com/8301-13924_3-10083822-64.html. Retrieved 2008-11-13.
- ^ “Beta to RC Changes — Turning Windows Features On or Off”. http://blogs.msdn.com/e7/archive/2009/03/06/beta-to-rc-changes-turning-windows-features-on-or-off.aspx.
- ^ Thurrott, Paul (2009-03-08). “Paul Thurrott’s SuperSite for Windows: Windows 7 Build 7048 Notes”. Paul Thurrott’s SuperSite for Windows. http://www.winsupersite.com/win7/win7_7048_02.asp. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
- ^ “Windows Virtual PC”. Microsoft. http://www.microsoft.com/windows/virtual-pc/. Retrieved 2009-05-06.
- ^ “Windows XP Mode for Windows 7 brochure”. Microsoft. http://download.microsoft.com/download/7/5/A/75A2C993-BFCC-47D0-8B6C-7C8CE2BA9833/Windows%20XP%20Mode%20for%20Windows%207_brochure.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-06.
- ^ “Demonstration: Windows 7 VHD Boot”. Microsoft. http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/info.aspx?na=90&p=&SrcDisplayLang=en&SrcCategoryId=&SrcFamilyId=80ede31d-3509-407b-a896-0beea8705589&u=http%3a%2f%2fdownload.microsoft.com%2fdownload%2f7%2f0%2fF%2f70FE9C38-08D1-4FCC-BEF8-42B47DD968FE%2fWindows7VHDBoot.wmv. Retrieved 2009-04-29.
- ^ “Windows 7 Presentation Virtualization: Graphics Remoting (RDP) Today and Tomorrow”. Microsoft. http://channel9.msdn.com/pdc2008/ES21/. Retrieved 2008.
- ^ “Let’s talk about Windows 7 Starter”. Windows 7 Team. http://windowsteamblog.com/blogs/windows7/archive/2009/05/29/let-s-talk-about-windows-7-starter.aspx. Retrieved 2009-05-29.
- ^ Windows Live team (2009-10-22). “Finding your applications in Windows 7”. Microsoft. http://download.live.com/windows7. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
- ^ Keizer, Gregg F. (March 2008). “Windows 7 eyed by antitrust regulators”. http://www.computerworld.com/action/article.do?command=viewArticleBasic&articleId=9068339&taxonomyId=14&intsrc=kc_top. Retrieved 2008-03-19.
- ^ “Microsoft proposes “Browser Ballot Screen” to the EU”. Neowin. July 24, 2009. http://www.neowin.net/news/main/09/07/24/microsoft-propose-browser-ballot-screen-to-the-eu. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- ^ Warren, Tom (August 1, 2009). “Microsoft scraps Windows 7 ‘E’ version for Europe”. Neowin. http://www.neowin.net/news/main/09/08/01/microsoft-scraps-windows-7-e-version-for-europe. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- ^ “Microsoft online Windows 7 store page”. http://emea.microsoftstore.com/UK/Microsoft/Windows/Windows-7/?WT.mc_id=MSCOMUK_HomePage_Buy_Windowstab. Retrieved 2009-09-09.
- ^ “Windows 7 flies off virtual shelf”. BBC News. 2009-07-15. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/8151342.stm. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- ^ Johnson, Bobbie (2009-10-21). “Windows 7 set to break retail records”. London: The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2009/oct/21/windows-7-launch. Retrieved 2009-10-21.
- ^ “64bit版Windows 7は人気でやや品薄、週明けには回復？”. 2009-10-24. http://akiba-pc.watch.impress.co.jp/hotline/20091024/etc_win75.html.
- ^ “October 2009 OS stats: Windows 7 passes Snow Leopard, Linux”. ars technica. 2009-11-06. http://arstechnica.com/microsoft/news/2009/11/october-2009-os-stats-windows-7-passes-snow-leopard-linux-1.ars?utm_source=microblogging&utm_medium=arstch&utm_term=Main%20Account&utm_campaign=microblogging. Retrieved 2009-11-07.
- ^ “Windows 7 surpasses Snow Leopard in under two weeks”. Neowin. 2009-11-07. http://www.neowin.net/news/main/09/11/06/windows-7-surpasses-snow-leopard-in-under-two-weeks. Retrieved 2009-11-07.
- ^ Ina Fried (2009-11-10). “Windows 7 use continues to climb”. CNET. http://news.cnet.com/8301-10805_3-10394517-75.html. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- ^ http://digitaldaily.allthingsd.com/20100304/windows-7-90-million-licenses-sold-in-4-months/
- ^ “Microsoft Windows 7 (Home Premium) Review – CNet”. CNet. 2009-07-31. http://reviews.cnet.com/windows/microsoft-windows-7-home/4505-3672_7-33704139.html.
- ^ Michael Muchmore (2009-10-22). “Microsoft Windows 7”. PC Magazine. http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0%2C2817%2C2348899%2C00.asp. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- ^ Will Smith (2009-10-19). “Windows 7 Review: XP vs Vista vs 7 in 80+ Benchmarks”. Maximum PC. http://www.maximumpc.com/article/reviews/windows_7_review. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- ^ Harry McCracken (2009-10-19). “Windows 7 Review”. PC World. http://www.pcworld.com/article/172602/windows_7_review.html. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- ^ The PC World Editorial Team (2009-10-19). “The PC World 100: Best Products of 2009”. PC World. http://www.pcworld.com/article/174171-2/the_pc_world_100_best_products_of_2009.html. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- ^ Paul Miller (2009-08-12). “Windows 7 review”. Engadget. http://www.engadget.com/2009/08/12/windows-7-review/. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- ^ Dana Wollman (2009-08-21). “Windows 7”. LAPTOP Magazine. http://www.laptopmag.com/review/software/windows-7.aspx. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- ^ Mary Branscombe (2009-08-07). “Windows 7 review”. TechRadar. http://www.techradar.com/reviews/pc-mac/software/operating-systems/microsoft-windows-7-622923/review. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- ^ David Pogue (2009-10-21). “Windows 7 Keeps the Good, Tries to Fix Flaws”. New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/22/technology/personaltech/22pogue.html. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- ^ Edward C. Baig (2009-10-21). “After Vista, Windows 7 is a giant leap for Microsoft”. USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/tech/products/2009-10-16-baig16_CV_N.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- ^ Walter S. Mossberg (2009-10-08). “A Windows to Help You Forget”. Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703298004574459293141191728.html. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- ^ Matt Warman (2009-10-20). “Microsoft Windows 7 review”. The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/microsoft/6384509/Microsoft-Windows-7-review.html. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- ^ “Some Vista users say they’re getting the Ultimate shaft”. 2009-07-02. http://news.cnet.com/8301-13860_3-10277506-56.html.
- ^ “Vista Ultimate users fume, rant over Windows 7 deals”. 2009-07-02. http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9135121/Vista_Ultimate_users_fume_rant_over_Windows_7_deals.
- ^ “Shop: Windows 7”. 2009-10-22. http://www.microsoft.com/windows/buy/default.aspx.
- ^ “Windows 7 Upgrade Considerations”. 2009-10-22. http://www.microsoft.com/windows/windows-7/get/upgrade-considerations.aspx.
- ^ a b c “All Windows 7 Versions—What You Need to Know”. ExtremeTech. 2009-02-05. http://www.extremetech.com/article2/0,2845,2340431,00.asp. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
- ^ a b Thurrott, Paul (2009-02-03). “Windows 7 Product Editions”. http://www.winsupersite.com/win7/win7_skus.asp. Retrieved 2009-02-03.
- ^ “Windows 7 will come in many flavors”. CNET News. 2009-02-03. http://news.cnet.com/8301-13860_3-10155193-56.html. Retrieved 2009-02-03.
- ^ “Windows 7 Editions – Features on Parade”. Softpedia. 2009-02-05. http://news.softpedia.com/news/Windows-7-Editions-Features-on-Parade-103766.shtml. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
- ^ “Windows 7: Which Edition is Right For You?”. PCWorld. 2009-02-03. http://www.pcworld.com/article/158870/microsoft_announces_six_windows_7_editions.html. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
- ^ a b LeBlanc, Brandon (February 9, 2009). “A closer look at the Windows 7 SKUs”. Windows Team Blog. Microsoft. http://windowsteamblog.com/blogs/windows7/archive/2009/02/04/a-closer-look-at-the-windows-7-skus.aspx. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- ^ “All Windows 7 Versions—What You Need to Know – Release Date, Cost, and Upgrades”. ExtremeTech. 2009-02-05. http://www.extremetech.com/article2/0,2845,2340432,00.asp. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
- ^ a b “Microsoft Announces “Family Pack” For Windows 7″. Microsoft. 2009-07-21. http://windowsteamblog.com/blogs/windows7/archive/2009/07/21/when-will-you-get-windows-7-rtm.aspx. Retrieved 2009-07-21.
- ^ “Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Upgrade Family Pack (3-User)”. Amazon. 2009-12-20. http://www.amazon.com/Microsoft-Windows-Premium-Upgrade-Family/dp/B002MV2MG0/. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
- ^ Microsoft. “Windows: Student Offer”. http://www.microsoft.com/uk/windows/studentoffer/default.aspx. Retrieved 2009-09-18.
- ^ Warren, Tom. “Microsoft: Students to get Windows 7 for £30/$30”. http://www.neowin.net/news/main/09/09/17/microsoft-uk-students-to-get-windows-7-for-30. Retrieved 2009-09-18.
- ^ a b c “Windows 7 system requirements”. Microsoft. http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows7/products/system-requirements.
- ^ “Windows Virtual PC – no hardware virtualization update now available for download”. http://blogs.msdn.com/virtual_pc_guy/archive/2010/03/18/windows-virtual-pc-no-hardware-virtualization-update-now-available-for-download.aspx.
|Wikinews has related news: Windows 7 gets ‘early release’ in China; software pirates beat Microsoft to the punch|
- Official Windows 7 Website – Microsoft
- Windows 7 Home Website – Microsoft
- Engineering Windows 7 – MSDN Blogs
- The Windows 7 Blog for Developers
- The Windows 7 Team Blog – Windows Team Blog